israel palestine conflict has its roots in the Ottoman Empire, which ruled the area between the late 19th century and the early 20th century. At this time, Jews and Arabs lived in the region, and nationalist groups began to develop. Zionism, which advocates the creation of a Jewish homeland among Jews, gained momentum worldwide. At the same time, Arabs also sought their own self-determination.
Balfour Declaration (1917). The British government issued the Balfour Declaration during World War I to express support for “the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine.” This declaration was a turning point in the history of the conflict, as it laid the groundwork for the Jewish immigration to Palestine.
British Mandate (1920-1948). After World War I the League of Nations gave Britain a mandate for Palestine administration. During this time, tensions between Jews, Arabs, and other groups increased, leading to violence.
United Nations Partition Plan ( 1947 ): In the year 1947, the United Nations approved an agreement to divide Palestine into two separate states, one Arab and one Jewish. Jerusalem would be administered by a multinational administration. The Jews accepted the plan, but the Arabs rejected it. This led to the first Arab/Israeli War.
Creation of Israel (May 14, 1948): David Ben-Gurion declared the State of Israel on May 14, 48. This declaration was the start of a long-standing war as Arab neighboring states began a military invasion.
Six-Day War ( 1967): In 1967 Israel fought against Egypt, Jordan and Syria and captured territories including the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Since then, these territories have been the source of major disputes.
Oslo Accords (1996): The Oslo Accords were a landmark agreement that saw Israel and Palestine Liberation Organizations (PLOs) recognize each other. This led to a limited degree of self-government for Palestinians living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Conflict in the Middle East
Israel-Palestine is still unresolved. Its core contains many controversial issues. The key issues are:
Borders: The disagreements over Israel’s borders and the future Palestinian state are a major obstacle to peace.
Jerusalem: Both Israelis as well as Palestinians claim Jerusalem to be their capital. Its final status is therefore a very contentious topic.
Refugees: The issue of the status and rights of return for Palestinians who fled or were displaced by conflict is complex and emotionally charged.
Security: Israel wants guarantees of its security due to its history with Arab neighbors. The Palestinians, on the other hand, want freedom and independent.
Settlements: Israeli settlements on the West Bank complicate the creation of a viable Palestinian State.
Political divisions: The Palestinian Territories are divided into the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip and the Fatah controlled West Bank, which creates further challenges for an unified Palestinian leadership.